Raising the criminal juvenile jurisdiction age to 21

Michigan Student Caucus Proposal Template for  Summers-Knoll Students 2019 Part 1: BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH PROCESS due Oct 22 Context


  1. What is a current bill or law that relates in some way to your proposal? Use the legislative database found here: Bill 4133

  2. How would this bill make a difference in the lives of students across Michigan? This bill would help 17-year-olds around the state get a better sentence, helping their criminal record and potentially saving their career.

  3. How and where did you learn about the issues underlying your proposal? My mom showed me a few books, and I found articles on news websites.

  4. Link to your media artifact(s) giving background on the issue:http://michiganstudentcaucus.org/sites/default/files/Raise%20the%20age.pdf


Research process


  1. To whom did you talk about this issue to learn more? My mother. She is working to help the rights of pregnant women in prison, and had several good resources.

  2. What did you initially think about your topic and how did your thinking change over time? I always felt that 17 is too young, and later in my research, I decided that I think that the minimum age should be 21.

  3. What was the most significant article/video/report/website that you used and how did it impact your research?

This article by a few former NFL players: https://www.freep.com/story/opinion/contributors/2019/04/26/raise-age-michigan-juvenile-justice/3576944002/

Part 2: FORMAL PROPOSAL due Oct 29 The sections below should comprise your final proposal language, submitted for consideration by your peers and potential inclusion in the MSC Platform. Preambulatory clauses

These set up the PROBLEM, but not the solution.

WHEREAS.... Young people with a criminal record in high school or college will find it much more difficult to get a good job due to background checks. 

WHEREAS....Some kinds of criminal records will disqualify potential students from financial aid at colleges.

WHEREAS....  The human brain is not fully developed until the mid-20s, and even then it still is maturing. Young people may not be able to make choices to the best of their ability even through young adulthood.

WHEREAS…. The legal age to carry, consume, and purchase alcohol in Michigan is 21, leaving 18-, 19-, and 20-year-olds considered mature enough to be put in adult prisons but not to be trusted with alcohol.

(Add more "Whereas" clauses if necessary.)

Operative clauses

These describe in detail, the solution you are proposing (not the problem itself; those should go in the "Whereas" clauses above).


  1. That Michigan legislators introduce a bill package to raise the maximum age of legal juvenile jurisdiction from seventeen to twenty.

  2. That Michigan courthouses hold new hearings for those between the age of eighteen and twenty currently serving sentences or punishments to give them new sentences appropriate to the juvenile jurisdiction system or transfer them to appropriate facilities.

  3. That the "waiving up" system be abolished, and instead a judge will determine if a violent offender under twenty-one should be prosecuted as an adult.

(Add more "Resolved" clauses if necessary.)


What are three reasonable arguments against this proposal?

1. This bill now involves treating some legal adults as juveniles; many people will think that adults should be held responsible for their actions.

2. Resentencing all these people may be too much of a hassle.

3. People may think that this bill takes the point out of the legal age of adulthood.

Costs and funding:
  1. What are some costs associated with your proposal? The state estimates that raising the age from seventeen to eighteen will cost 9 to 26 million dollars; my proposal may cost somewhere in the range of two to three times more, 20 to 70 million dollars.

  2. How will you pay for your proposed bill? From what sources could the funding come? The state will pay for 100% of the cost of transferring offenders to the juvenile court system; other expenses will come out of the annual budget process.

  3. Who (people or groups) might object to funding your proposal? People who fear that this bill will lead to an explosion of juvenile crime and overpopulation of juvenile detention centers.



List all websites, articles, reports, videos, or other resources you used to research for this project. You do not have to include formal citations. **Eighth graders only: After each source, write 1-2 sentences about why you chose this source and why you trusted it. 















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Total votes: 29