Michigan Road Conditions

Context

Reference to a current Michigan bill or law that relates in some way to your proposal:

HB 4415 of 2017 

Why this proposal will make a difference in the lives of students of all ages across Michigan, or a significant subgroup (by age, background, economic status, and/or region, etc.) of students in Michigan:

How and where did you learn about the issues underlying your proposal?

We have been experienced these bad road conditions in Michigan for a long time. 

How has your service activity influenced your thinking about this proposal?

 

Link to your media artifact(s) giving background on the issue:

https://drive.google.com/a/howellschools.com/file/d/0B4Dm8ilz4jk3TU1SWlpraDVEQTA/view?usp=sharing

 

Consultations

Talk directly with at least 3 real live people who have special knowledge about this topic or the impact your proposal would have, and summarize their comments. These may include people appearing in your media artifact (video, podcast, etc.).

CONSULTATION 1:

CONSULTATION 2:

CONSULTATION 3:

 

Prospectus:

Michigan road conditions have been poorly maintained over the past few years. It does not help that Michigan has all four seasons, winter being the most severe destroying the roads with devastating potholes. Data shows that in 2014-15 Michigan roads showed a percentile of 16% of roads were in good condition, 45% were in fairly good condition, and 39% were in very poor condition. Being in poor condition means that the roads have cracks, bumps, and also potholes in the roads. Keeping roads in good condition are way easier to maintain than roads that are in poor or even awful condition. Roads that are not federally aided are in worse in condition than the ones that are. In 2015 federally aided roads are rated to be 56% poor, 33% fairly, and 11% were maintained good. Craig Bryson spokesman for the Road Commission for Oakland County says, "Unfortunately, many of our roads are currently in poor condition due to the state's lack of investment in transportation infrastructure." The state of michigan does In Michigan, road conditions have been progressively getting worse by the year. They have been continuing  to be in poor condition as time goes by. They continue to get worse by 1% to 2% each year and the government is not doing anything to fix it. They have the money to fix the roads, but the question is why have we not done anything to fix them yet?

not think about the quality of their roads. Having bad roads can lead to a huge problem in the government. Also this can lead to a huge problem with the people of Michigan. I say this because Michiganders can get very angry with big potholes in roads. These potholes can cause cars to get destroyed and even could maybe cause crashes or accidents. Roads being in bad shape can cause arguments with the government. In my opinion roads should be maintained in shorter periods of time for better use.

 

Michigan roads have been above 80% in fair condition since 2014, but how will the roads fair out in the future. Major road construction projects usually take more than a few months, add that with delays it could take almost half a year just to repair a road. The winter months are setbacks for construction, roads during the winter are bad enough being slick, too busy being salted to make sure roads are safe for citizens and no time for construction. 20% of Michigan roads, in 2016, were in poor condition. It is highly anticipated that the percentage of poor condition roads will reach up to 50% in 2020. According to the MTAMC, 53% of Michigan roads will reach poor condition by the year of 2025. “Governor Snyder has announced a sustainable, long-term solution to improve Michigan’s roads and bridges, making them safer for Michigan’s families. The plan approved invests $1.2 billion for Michigan’s roads and bridges, the largest investment in a half-century.”

 

Michigan road are able to be fixed, but the price to fix poor roads is unbearable for Michigan government to fix all of roads in need. The good thing was that only 20% of Michigan roads were in bad condition in 2016.Michigan roads in bad condition cost a total of $1,625,000 per poor condition trunk mile. If Michigan can keep the roads in good condition, then it would only cost the government $85,000 per trunk mile. If the lane mile is in mediocre or fair condition, it only costs $575,000. Lansing, Michigan has $483 million worth of road repairs and bridge repairs. The Grand Rapids area still has $234 million unfunded roads and bridges. While the money needed to fixing all roads in Michigan would cost $4.2 billion, Michigan is only funded about $2.3 billion for transportation and roads. “The funds are not guaranteed and the legislators should make this a top priority soon” Lunger says. As of 2019, the legislator will start distributing road funding money to states. Gov. Snyder says he wants about $1.2 billion to fix roads but Michigan could use more around $2 billion. It is also about maintaining the roads during the harsh Michigan winters. The average cost of snow plowing and salting the roads during winter is about $3,000.

Michigan roads have not been able to be fixed because of the lack of funding from the legislators and how much the roads would cost to fix. As we wait to get the funds, Michigan roads continue to decrease in quality.

 


 

Potential Solutions:

Describe three reasonable, feasible potential solutions or approaches that would help address this problem.

SOLUTION 1:Michigan roads have been in very bad shape the past few years. There are many ways they can be improved. The government need to put more money into the roads and get them into better condition. In 2015, Michigan put in 3.9 billion dollars into their roads. It was an all time high of the total budget in Michigan. I believe Michigan should redo or fix their roads every 5 years. This will cost more money but it is worth it.

SOLUTION 2:

Michigan Government has the money to fix the roads, but who do they get to  fix the roads. Our state government can afford to fix quite a bit of lane mile in poor condition. That is where the Michigan Department of Transportation comes in. The Transportation department is responsible for 9,669 lane highway mile. The Michigan Department of Transportation(MDOT) became on July 1, 1905 after a constitutional amendment. The federal aid money was split between the highway department and the welfare department.

 

SOLUTION 3:

Michigan having bad roads can and has caused damage to vehicles. Potholes can cause damage to the tires, wheels, suspension, exhaust, and the body of the car. It has been known to pop tires, it causes the tire to push up against the wheel and slice open the tire. If you hit a pothole at the wrong angle, it can damage the wheel by bending, chipping, or even cracking the wheel. Car suspension is designed to absorb impacts and provide a smooth ride, but there’s a limit to how much it can handle. Sudden, jarring hits against potholes can cause a variety of suspension problems, including misalignment, broken ball joints, and damaged shocks or struts.Since exhaust pipes run along the undercarriage of a car, they’re a perfect target for potholes lurking in the road. Deep potholes can cause a car to bottom out and scrape the undercarriage against the pavement, potentially denting or ripping a hole in the exhaust pipes, muffler, or catalytic converter. Generally speaking, the lower a car is to the ground, the better it handles, but cars that sacrifice ride height in pursuit of sportiness are more likely to be damaged by potholes.

 

 

Reaction or advice from a Topic Coordinator:

You must solicit a critique from a topic coordinator, and explain the impact that advice has had on the final draft of this proposal.

 

Research process:

Describe your research process — indicate who you talked to (including but not limited to consultants), what you read, what your thinking was, how it changed over time, and how your consultants changed your thinking. This description of your research process definitely could include “dead ends,” or ideas you had that didn’t ultimately bear fruit.  In short, we want to know what you did and how it led to your legislation, and we also want you to give us a window into your thought process.

 

Author contributions:

Please delineate--in detail--who made what contributions to the process and to the finished proposal? Who took on which responsibilities in researching ideas, drafting language, etc.?


 

===FORMAL PROPOSAL===

The sections below should comprise your final proposal language, submitted for consideration by your peers and potential inclusion in the MSC Platform.

Preambulatory clauses

These set up the PROBLEM, but not the solution.

WHEREAS.... The problem is how poor the road conditions are

WHEREAS....How much money it will cost to fix the roads, and who will fund them

WHEREAS....Who is the government going to pay to fix the roads

WHEREAS.... 

(Add more "Whereas" clauses if necessary.)

Operative clauses

These describe in detail, the solution you are proposing (not the problem itself; those should go in the "Whereas" clauses above).

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED....

1. Michigan roads need to be refurbished back to good condition 

2. Government should use tax money to help contribute to fixing the roads

3. The government should fix the roads in fair condition rather than poor condition to save money for each lane mile

(Add more "Resolved" clauses if necessary.)

Counter-arguments:

What are three reasonable arguments against this proposal?

1. This could cost too much money 

2. The roads go bad and get worse every winter 

3. Takes too much time to redo all the roads which causes lots of traffic

Costs and funding:

What will your proposal cost (in direct expenses, lost tax revenue, lost economic opportunity, and/or non-monetary costs)? How will you pay for your proposed legislation? Where will/could the funding for your proposal come from?  Who might object to dedicating resources to your proposal (competing interests)?  

Michigan will be funded money by the federal government

Michigan will use the citizens tax money to pay for fixing the roads

References:

These can include websites or other information you have found about the issue.

http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2017/04/33b_still_needed_to_fix_michig.html 




 

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