How neighborhoods affect children's life prospects

Newly published national data shows how the chances of children from low-income families to escape poverty as adults varies enormously from neighborhood to neighborhood. This article from the New York Times summarizes some of the research and includes interactive maps. 

It's fascinating to explore the maps -- be sure to look at your hometown, and look for patterms across Michigan. The maps themselves don't explain the differences, but what conjectures can you make, and what questions do the data raise?