Reference to a current Michigan bill or law that relates in some way to your proposal: Our Senate bill is bill number 57. The bill is trying to clean the water in Flint along with help familys recover from the problem.
Why this proposal will make a difference in the lives of students of all ages across Michigan, or a significant subgroup (by age, background, economic status, and/or region, etc.) of students in Michigan: This will help all ages of people in Flint by giving them easy access to water that is clean and able to be drank.
How and where did you learn about the issues underlying your proposal? I have seen it all over the news. And researched on credialbe sites along with asking people who have delt with this matter.Consultations
Talk directly with at least 3 real live people who have special knowledge about this topic or the impact your proposal would have, and summarize their comments. These may include people appearing in your media artifact (video, podcast, etc.).
CONSULTATION 1: Marc Edwards gave us good information on what he has found out about the Flint water crisis along with giving us a few links to get more info from.
CONSULTATION 2: Nadine wentnz lives in Howell but works in Flint. She said that her office has a filter but she still chooses not to drink it. She said most of her office is this way too.
CONSULTATION 3: Mayor Weaver no response.
Describe the specific issue or problem, being sure to provide sufficient context so that someone less familiar with the issue has a sense of the bigger picture, but know that your focus here is on a more detailed spelling out of the specific problem or issue that you’ve identified. (250 words minimu
Flint, located 70 miles north of Detroit, is a city of 98,310, where 41.2% of residents live below the poverty line and the median household income is $24,862. The median household income for the rest of Michigan is $49,576. The city is 56.6% African-American. The city a few years ago switched pipe lines to a new water source to save money. In doing so the water became taminated with lead, ever since then they have been trying to clean the water. They have not been able to find a permannet solution. They have been struggling to not only clean the water of the lead but while they are fixing that issue they are trying to find a way to allow people to have access to clean water. Historically, the water in the Flint River downstream of Flint has been of poor quality, and was severely degraded during the 1970s, due to the presence of fecal coliform bacteria, low dissolved oxygen, plant nutrients, oils, and toxic substances. In 2001, the state ordered the monitoring and cleanup of 134 polluted sites within the Flint River watershed, including industrial complexes, landfills and farms laden with pesticides and fertilizer. Three years after this first happened they are still yet to find the right solution and thosands are still wilthout clean drinking water. They do not plan on this historic event to end anytime soon. They are hooping to find a way as soon as possible as they work everyday to fix it.
Describe three reasonable, feasible potential solutions or approaches that would help address this problem.
Replace the pipes. Top Solution 55 million to fix 4-5k per home
- Flint’s pipes are unsuitable for transporting water because the damage has already been done; the corrosion has already occurred
- The first step in replacing impacted lines is finding them, and that was no easy task. The records were both disorganized and hand-written, making it difficult to determine which pipes needed to be replaced.
- The hope is that this entire project will help create new jobs
- People have designed a lead pipe replacement plan where they think it can be done in a year, with about 30 crews and $55 million dollars. Pipe replacement could cost as little as 3 to 4 thousand dollars a home.
Switch back to the old water supply. Second solution. *Note: They switched to Detroit water but the pipe is the problem.
Everyone getting a water filter. Third solution
- You can take control of your water supply by using a home filtration system. The EPA, and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tested filtered water in Flint and determined that it is safe to drink. EPA science advisor Tom Burke states: “In most cases, the levels of lead coming through the filters are too low even to be detected.”
- NSF International, the public health and safety organization that tests and certifies residential drinking water filtration systems, has confirmed that the three water filters being distributed by officials in Flint, Michigan are currently certified by NSF International for lead reduction.
- People can receive free water filters at certain about ten locations. They are effective and easy to install.
- The state of Michigan plans to provide Flint residents with water filters and replacement cartridges for about three more years amid the city’s crisis with lead-tainted water.
Reaction or advice from a Topic Coordinator:
You must solicit a critique from a topic coordinator, and explain the impact that advice has had on the final draft of this proposal.
Our mentor told us things we should change and things that he like through text and emails. He thinks that we had some strong facts to put in our artical.Research process:
Describe your research process — indicate who you talked to (including but not limited to consultants), what you read, what your thinking was, how it changed over time, and how your consultants changed your thinking. This description of your research process definitely could include “dead ends,” or ideas you had that didn’t ultimately bear fruit. In short, we want to know what you did and how it led to your legislation, and we also want you to give us a window into your thought process.
We all did different set of work and then put it together so that we could finish on time and it turned out good. Along with talking to Marc and Nadine.
Please delineate--in detail--who made what contributions to the process and to the finished proposal? Who took on which responsibilities in researching ideas, drafting language, etc.?
Aaron wrote proposel and emailed one person and talked with mentaor.
Mike emailed 2 constaltants and help with typing proposal.
Ryan Did a little reseach
james did a little for the solution and all of counter argument.
jintao did the Whereas
kaitlynn did alot of the solutions.
yixing helped out with the research.
bryce did the main research.===FORMAL PROPOSAL===
The sections below should comprise your final proposal language, submitted for consideration by your peers and potential inclusion in the MSC Platform.Preambulatory clauses
These set up the PROBLEM, but not the solution.
Eleven residents of Flint, Michigan have died and thousands have been exposed to unsafe levels of lead and other contaminants in their water supply.
Flint residents are suffering tremendous economic and personal health losses due to lead contamination of their water.
Exposure to lead through contaminated drinking water in residences and schools, lead paint in housing and other sources is a problem that extends beyond Flint to many other communities.
(Add more "Whereas" clauses if necessary.)Operative clauses
These describe in detail, the solution you are proposing (not the problem itself; those should go in the "Whereas" clauses above).
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED....
1. Go back to the old water supply from Detroit.
2.Replace the pipe system for 55 mil.
3. Give all residents a water filter.
(Add more "Resolved" clauses if necessary.)Counter-arguments:
What are three reasonable arguments against this proposal?
1. Why is it so urgent to replace the pipes?
2. Why can´t they just live on bottled water?
3.Why can´t they switch back to their original water source?Costs and funding:
What will your proposal cost (in direct expenses, lost tax revenue, lost economic opportunity, and/or non-monetary costs)? How will you pay for your proposed legislation? Where will/could the funding for your proposal come from? Who might object to dedicating resources to your proposal (competing interests)?
$87 Million Agreement
The state of Michigan will allocate $87 million for the City of Flint to identify and replace at least 18,000 unsafe water lines in Flint by 2020 under a proposed settlement of a federal lawsuit that also provides the state with a roadmap to end free distribution of bottled water later this year.
The agreement calls for replacement of 6,000 lines by Jan. 1, 2018, and at least 6,000 more lines each of the two following years, with all lines covered by the agreement replaced by Jan. 1, 2020.
The agreement does not call for door-to-door bottled water delivery, which the plaintiffs had sought, but calls for residents to be able to call the 211 city phone number and receive free water deliveries within 24 hours. The service may not be continued if water monitoring for the six-month period ending June 30 is below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's "action level" for lead, the agreement says.
The city, compensated by the state, agrees to determine the composition of lines running from the street into at least 18,000 households and properties, and replace with copper those made of lead or steel, at no cost to the homeowners.
The state will provide the city with filter replacement cartridges so that residents will have free filter cartridges to use for one year after the replacement of their lead or steel water lines.
These can include websites or other information you have found about the issue.