Affirmative Action is the policy of promoting the education and employment of members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination. Historically and internationally, support for affirmative action has sought to achieve goals such as bridging inequalities in employment and pay, increasing access to education, promoting diversity, and redressing apparent past wrongs, harms, or hindrances. Opponents of affirmative action believe that affirmative action devalues the accomplishments of people who are chosen based on the social group to which they belong rather than their qualifications, which is counterproductive to the organizations which institute the policy. The University of Michigan has been at the center of this issue with two separate cases where affirmative action issues have been taken to court (one of which went all the way to the supreme court). While the court "upheld the use of race as a factor in the university’s law school admissions, saying it helped achieve a “critical mass” of minority students, (but) struck down a system of undergraduate admissions that automatically awarded 20 points, a fifth of those needed to guarantee admission, to 'underrepresented minorities'". What do you think of these court decisions? Would you like to see Michigan use affirmative action in admissions? How have these decisions manifested themselves on campus?