ADHD Misconception

PRE-PROPOSAL 1. Media Artifact

Link to your media artifact(s) giving background on the issue:

My Newsarticle: ADHD 

2. Persona and POV statement.    

Persona and POV Statement

New Persona and POV Statement

Persona: Persona nameAge: School/occupation: Location:   Quote:   About:


POV Statement:
  • User (be specific and use empathetic language, e.g., Karla, a busy and high achieving high school student…):
  • Need (identifies a need that is meaningful and includes feelings, e.g. …needs a way to feel less stress at school…):
  • Insight (incorporates your observations; often unexpected, …because there is a lot of chaos in her life and she wants to feel more calm, peace, and mindfulness in her day.):


3. Potential Solutions:

Describe three reasonable, feasible potential solutions or approaches that would help address this problem.

SOLUTION 1: On his bus, Eddie can hire a person to make sure that the children are well-behaved, walk the children across the street, and notify parents of injuries/problems.

SOLUTION 2: Eddie can have the hyper, ADHD kids sit at the front of the bus so they are close-by Eddie throughout the entirety of the bus ride.

SOLUTION 3: Eddie can ignore the kids on the bus and let them hop around and play on the bus, as kids should be able to do.


SOLUTION 1: Eric can be moved to another school that accomadates children of his nature and essentially be expelled from the bus

SOLUTION 2: The school bus can be made more into a "fun ride" then the boring old trip it is for all students. Safe games and activites can be introduced that all kids will enjoy.

SOLUTION 3: The bus driver can have an assistant on the bus that assists in ensuring that the children are held responsible for their actions.


Reference to a current Michigan bill or law that relates in some way to your proposal:

House Bill 4045- Describes how new school buses need to have seat belts in order to maintain safety during the ride.

Why this proposal will make a difference in the lives of students of all ages across Michigan, or a significant subgroup (by age, background, economic status, and/or region, etc.) of students in Michigan:

This proposal will make a difference in the lives of two types of people: school children and parents. School children will be able to learn more in a single day because of the educational games provided on the school bus. So much time is essentially wasted on the school bus because school children sit and stare out the window. With my proposal, children will learn more, and it will decrease bullying as a result. Students will be occupied on the bus, and they will not have the tendancy to mess with others. Additionally, parents will be happier now that they do not have to worry what their children are doing on the bus. Instead, they will know that they are learning and staying out of trouble.

How and where did you learn about the issues underlying your proposal?

I learned about this issue in two ways: personal experience and working at a preschool. When I was a kid, I absolutely hated the school bus. I never wanted to get on the bus, and I always begged my mom to drive me to school. On the bus, I was bullied by older kids, and the ride took 35 mintues instead of 10 minutes because we had to pick up so many people. I ended up staring out the window and hoping that no one would throw anything at me or call me names. Additionally, when I worked at the Ann Arbor Preschool last semester, I realized that many of the children felt the same way. A few young boys would always complain about how the bus smelled and how they wished that their parents could drive them to school. This is why I decided to bring up this proposal.

How has your service activity influenced your thinking about this proposal?

My service activity at the Neutral Zone has enlightened me on many things. The first thing is that there are many people who have ADHD and have a hard time focusing. Though I primarily work with teenagers, I can see how it would be reflected in children of a young age. Also, I realize that people do not like to play boring games. This has influenced my proposal because although the games on the bus are going to be mainly educational, I want the kids to enjoy them and have fun.

Link to your media artifact(s) giving background on the issue:



Talk directly with at least 3 real live people who have special knowledge about this topic or the impact your proposal would have, and summarize their comments. These may include people appearing in your media artifact (video, podcast, etc.).

CONSULTATION 1: I talked to my little brother about how he felt about ADHD as a kid, and he gave me some great insight as to how he felt in school prior to even knowing of his condition. He mentioned that he always felt anxious in many circumstances and attributed many of the actions he made to his ADHD.

CONSULTATION 2: I finally got ahold of a bus driver at Ann Arbor preschool and had a pretty cool conversation with him. I told him the general idea of my proposal, and he had nothing but good things to say on the idea. He said that he personally has a huge problem of little children messing around on the school bus, and that educational games would assist in calming him down. He also added that it would make his job a lot easier because he wouldn't have to look in his rear-view mirror trying to monitor the kids. This would also ensure the safety of the bus ride because he could always have his eyes on the road.

CONSULTATION 3: The third person I talked to was a parent of someone I used to baby-sit in high school. The parent still has kids ages 4-13, so she knew exactly what I was talking about. She says that she is terrified of her children being on the bus alone when she has no clue what goes on. This made me think that in addition to helping to children succeed, we will be giving comfort to the parents as well.


Reaction or advice from a Topic Coordinator:

You must solicit a critique from a topic coordinator, and explain the impact that advice has had on the final draft of this proposal.

Jenna commented on my post several times, and I really liked her advice. One of the biggest things that I changed as a result of her were my preliminary clauses. Some of my preliminary clauses did not relate to my final proposal. Jenna commented on this, and I was immediately able to see what she was talking about. Additionally, Jenna brought to my attention that I needed to address the $20,000 number for renovating buses. I think that this is an excellent point, because it is very hard to get a grant if you are not extremely specific on what the money is being used for.

Research process:

Describe your research process — indicate who you talked to (including but not limited to consultants), what you read, what your thinking was, how it changed over time, and how your consultants changed your thinking. This description of your research process definitely could include “dead ends,” or ideas you had that didn’t ultimately bear fruit.  In short, we want to know what you did and how it led to your legislation, and we also want you to give us a window into your thought process.

To be honest, I had a very difficult time in my research process. At first, I knew I wanted to talk about ADHD because it is something I am extremely passionite about, but I had no clue where I was going with it. From talking to Michael and Jeff several times, I realized that there were many routes that I could take. I intially waned to replace the stereotypical "yellow bus" and come up with a brand new bus that was much more accommadating to the children. After talking with Jeff specifically, I realizing that we would have to ask for too big of a grant to do this. From posting on the caucus and getting advice from several of my classmates, I realized that we could achieve this "fun" effect without replacing the bus itself. I then did extensive research to see if this idea has been implemented in other states. It would have been great to see that it has been and it worked, but no other state has implemented this idea. After I realized that this was a completely different idea, I did some reseach on what children enjoy to do these days. Because of our evolving world in technology, I figured that the best way to create a fun atmosphere for the children is to do games on smart phones and ipads. One of my best resources I reached out to was my mom. She works at a preschool and is very aware of what goes on in the day-to-day lives of children. She said that in the classroom, the most popular games are the Ipad games. 


Author contributions:

Please delineate--in detail--who made what contributions to the process and to the finished proposal? Who took on which responsibilities in researching ideas, drafting language, etc.?


The sections below should comprise your final proposal language, submitted for consideration by your peers and potential inclusion in the MSC Platform.

Preambulatory clauses

These set up the PROBLEM, but not the solution.

WHEREAS....23.5 million elementary and secondary school children ride the bus a day throughout the United States

WHEREAS....Students average 30 mins a trip on the bus, two times a day; nearily 400 hours a year, a bus-riding student wastes staring out the window

WHEREAS....The national school bus accident rate is 0.02 per 100 million miles traveled

WHEREAS....School children are most commonly bullied on the school bus as opposed to any other location on campus

WHEREAS....ADHD makes it difficult for many students to sit still in their seats on the bus and often times are jumping around and out of their seat

WHEREAS....72% of kids have smartphones at age 12 or earlier

WHEREAS....Airplanes provide an enjoyable experience with activites such as watching movies, playing games, 

(Add more "Whereas" clauses if necessary.)

Operative clauses

These describe in detail, the solution you are proposing (not the problem itself; those should go in the "Whereas" clauses above).


1. The state of Michigan should provide a statewide grant to re-vamp school buses to include a variety of games, activities, etc. similar to an airplane experience.

2. Additionally, breakfast will be provided on the bus ride to school to eliminate breakfast-time once the kids get to school and provide more time for learning.

3. Students will interact with engaging games that can use the addition 200 hours on a bus that are wasted for educational aspects and prevent the opportunity of bullying and jumping out of seat. 

(Add more "Resolved" clauses if necessary.)


What are three reasonable arguments against this proposal?

1. The games may not be safe for children to engage in.

2. Some people may not want to play games or eat on their way to school, introverts actually like staring out the window and being alone.

3. Students could argue that they learn all day at school and want to relax on the bus instead of learn more for another hour or so a day.

Costs and funding:

What will your proposal cost (in direct expenses, lost tax revenue, lost economic opportunity, and/or non-monetary costs)? How will you pay for your proposed legislation? Where will/could the funding for your proposal come from?  Who might object to dedicating resources to your proposal (competing interests)?  

The proposal with add an additional $20,000 of funding to each bus. I came up with this cost from doing a little reseach and talking to my cousin who is involved in build-outs. The buses will not need to be replaced but rather the seats will need to be removed to provide more airplane-like seating and provide for a better student experience. The governement will collect this from tax-paying dollars that fund public schools. As for the private schools, administration will be given 2 years to collect the money for the funding of the new buses and then another 1 year to implement the changes to the buses. I do not think that many people would object to paying a few more taxes for these new buses because it is for a good cause and children will truly benefit. 


These can include websites or other information you have found about the issue.


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Total votes: 25